Leg pain, cramps, and swelling could hide an even more dangerous condition: heart disease and venous insufficiency. That's why it's important to have these symptoms evaluated by a cardiologist who can provide care and treatment of both conditions. As a leading cardiologist in New York City, Dr. Bradley Radwaner has extensive experience diagnosing the causes of leg pain, cramps, and swelling. Dr. Radwaner provides state-of-the-art treatment options and addressing the underlying cause of these symptoms. If you have leg pain, cramps, and swelling, call Elite Veins NY or use the online system and schedule an evaluation with Dr. Bradley Radwaner today.
Yes, leg pain, cramps, and swelling can be related to heart disease.
Two common heart problems that cause cramping, pain, and swelling are peripheral artery disease (PAD) and peripheral vein disease (PVD), in which narrowed blood vessels reduce blood flow to your limbs; the vessels often are reduced by a buildup of cholesterol inside the blood vessel. The result is usually cramping while climbing stairs or muscle weakness in your legs.
While not always directly correlated, leg cramps, pain, and swelling could be a sign of a larger heart condition. When your heart isn’t pumping blood as efficiently as it should, fluids can build up in your legs, especially around your ankles and feet. This type of leg swelling and discomfort is most often — but not always — associated with congestive heart failure.
Sometimes, leg swelling and discomfort is caused by a condition called venous insufficiency, a condition in which your one-way heart valves don’t function properly, causing blood to pool in your feet and ankles, prompting varicose veins to form.
Since so many problems — both heart-related and non-heart related — can cause leg swelling and discomfort, diagnosis begins with a careful review of your medical history and your symptoms, followed by a physical exam.
Dr. Radwaner will ask you a series of questions regarding your overall health and the specific state of your leg pain. He may ask whether you feel itchiness, pain, or cramping in your legs. He will take your pulse and your blood pressure in each ankle to look for differences that could indicate a clot or other circulation problem. Other tests, such as an ultrasound, can help identify blockages inside your arteries and veins.
Depending on your symptoms, Dr. Radwaner might also order other tests, including blood tests, cardiac stress tests, EKGs, and kidney function tests.
Your treatment will depend on the underlying cause of your symptoms.
For very mild cases of leg swelling and pain that aren’t caused by clots or major blockages, Dr. Radwaner may prescribe compression socks, which promote proper blood flow to the heart, or medications to thin your blood and prevent clots from forming.
Pain and swelling that are related to venous insufficiency and varicose veins can be treated with a procedure known as sclerotherapy that closes off the damaged veins and “reroutes” your blood to neighboring healthy veins. These treatment methods improve your circulation so fluid doesn’t build up in your feet and ankles.
If you're in need of a blood vessel repair or unblocking, Dr. Radwaner may perform a minimally invasive procedure called angioplasty to widen the blocked area, allowing blood to flow normally. During the procedure, your doctor will thread a thin tube through a blood vessel to the site of the artery and blow up a balloon to widen the artery.
Elite Veins NY is a concierge practice without a concierge fee. Before your appointment, please provide the office with your insurance policy number and group number in order for us to check your out-of-network coverage. Participates in Medicare only.